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G8 Group

Stages of G8 Formation


1975 France, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and Italy meet as the first summit participants.

1976 Canada joins as the seventh participant, and the G7 is created.

1977 The European Community (today the European Union) becomes a summit participant.

1991-93 The G7 meet with the president of the USSR (Mikhail Gorbachev 1991) and then the president of the Russian Federation (Boris Yeltsin 1992-1993) for discussion after completion of the summits themselves.

1993 Japanese Prime Minister Miyazawa holds a pre-summit meeting with Indonesian President Suharto, leader of the Non-aligned Nations Movement, determining the Movement's position on many issues. Miyazawa then reports back to his summit colleagues that Suharto seeks dialogue with the leading countries,

1994-96 The Political G8. Russia becomes a summit participant, but only for political discussions.

1996 First ever meeting of the G7 with the UN, IMF, World Bank and WTO, who are invited to the G7 summit for discussion and creation of a new global partnership for development.

1997 Denver Summit of Eight: Russia participates in all discussions except in the fields of finance and economics.

1998 - First G8 summit, with Russia now a full participant in the new Group of 8. Until 2003, the old G7 meet as before in advance of the summit and adopt their own statements.

2000 Japanese Prime Minister Mori and several other G8 leaders hold a pre-summit meeting with the leaders of Nigeria, South Africa, Algeria and Thailand, as well as World Bank, WTO and UN Development Programme representatives and information technology companies.

2001 The G8 meets with the leaders of Algeria, Bangladesh, El Salvador, Mali, Nigeria, South Africa, the UN, the FAO, the WHO, the WTO and the World Bank.

2002 The G8 meets with the UN general secretary and the presidents of Algeria, Nigeria, Senegal and South Africa to discuss the core problems of Africa.

2003 The G8 meets with the presidents of Algeria, Nigeria, Senegal and South Africa. As part of an 'expanded dialogue' programme, the G8 leaders meet with the leaders of Egypt, Algeria, Nigeria, Morocco, South Africa, Senegal, Mexico, Switzerland, Brazil, China, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, India, the IMF, the World Bank, the WHO and the UN for independent discussions, closed to the press and without expectation of adoption of any official documents.

2004 The G8 meets with the presidents of Algeria, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda to discuss issues of African development, and with the leaders of Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan and Turkey to discuss development and reform in the Middle East and North Africa.

2005 The G8 discusses development goals in the new millennium with the leaders of Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, the commission of the African Union, the IMF, the UN and the World Bank. The G8 also meets with the leaders of Brazil, China, Mexico, India and South Africa, and the heads of the International Agency Energy, IMF, UN, World Bank and WTO for discussion of climate change and the global economy.

Expert opinion

Halter Marek

02.12.06

Halter Marek
Le College de France
Olivier Giscard dEstaing

02.12.06

Olivier Giscard dEstaing
COPAM, France
Mika Ohbayashi

02.12.06

Mika Ohbayashi
Institute for Sustainable Energy Poliy
Bill Pace

02.12.06

Bill Pace
World Federalist Movement - Institute for Global Policy
Peter I. Hajnal

01.12.06

Peter I. Hajnal
Toronto University, G8 Research Group