"Global Security and Interests of the Society". Recommendations of the Forum on the meeting of the heads of G8 countries in St. Petersburg in July 2006
Moscow, July 3-4, 2006
1. Civil society representatives, participants of the Civil G8 Forum held in Moscow on 3-4 July 2006, have agreed that issues of global security are of primary importance in the world today. With this in mind, Forum participants urge the G8 countries to make human security a priority item on the agenda of the G8 Summit in 2007 in Germany and thereafter.
2. Civil Forum participants believe that proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and delivery systems, international terrorism, and intensification of regional and internal armed conflicts represent a growing threat to international peace and security and thus to each and every human being as well. The G8 countries bear special responsibility for ensuring security in the world and therefore should be at the forefront of fight against these challenges.
3. Issues of security have traditionally been considered as a state prerogative. Nevertheless these problems have a clear human security dimension and have better chances for success if dealt with in cooperation with civil society institutions.
4. Participants of the Forum believe that it is necessary to establish an effective permanent mechanism of civil society monitoring of G8 governments' activities in the area of human security, and hope that G8 countries will cooperate with such a mechanism should it be established.
5. Participants of the Forum consider it vital that the G8 establishes effective cooperation with the hard law international organizations, universal, primarily the UN, as well as regional. In this regard the G8 countries should be the first to show example of constructive cooperation and promote adequate functioning of the United Nations Organization by means of complete and timely payments into its budget.
6. Participants of the Forum believe that it is necessary to involve into the G8 activities in this or that format other leading international actors to solve more efficiently problems on the global and regional levels.
Prevention and Management of Regional Conflicts
7. Participants of the Forum call on the G8 states to promote and themselves use civil approach to settlement of regional conflicts, on the basis of world and regional experience.
8. The Civil Forum participants are concerned over the growing religious, racial and ethnic intolerance, extremism and xenophobia in the world today, contributing to current and emerging conflicts and violence. The Forum participants urge the G8 governments to take proactive measures, jointly with civil society organizations, to prevent and combat these trends in cooperation with civil society institutions. In particular the participants believe that the G8 should promote compulsory juridical, cultural and ethnic education for servicemen, primarily those, in the “hot spots” of the planet taking part in settlement of regional and internal conflicts.
9. Participants feel that in order to prevent and manage regional armed conflicts, both civil society and governments need to promote political pluralism, and to create a culture of peace and tolerance, primarily by means of introducing relevant programs in the educational institutions. Dialogue of G8 countries with civil society organizations in politically unstable countries and regions is of paramount importance.
10. The Forum participants call on the G8 countries to draw closer on the G8 positions on settlement of frozen conflicts and consider that the G8 should support the civil society structures in conflict regions.
11. It is necessary to monitor crisis situations in order to give better information on the current conflicts, promote acquisition of more objective and full information, higher responsibility of mass media all over the world in immediate cooperation with civil society structures.
12. The Forum participants urge the G8 governments to commit to global leadership, in particular in the UN framework, in elaborating clear and universal criteria for humanitarian intervention, and in abandoning double standards in this area.
Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Delivery Systems and Arms Control
13. The Civil Forum participants express their concern over the erosion of the non-proliferation regime and express hope that the G8 countries will take active measures to strengthen and consolidate the regime in the spirit of the UN Charter. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is at the core of the non-proliferation regime and participants call for its universal adoption.
14. Civil Forum participants are concerned about the growing proliferation risks of fissile materials, and urge the governments of G8 countries to adopt effective measures to improve security of the nuclear fuel cycle, and to strengthen domestic and international export controls.
15. Participants acknowledge that the G8 countries have achieved considerable progress in addressing the problem of WMD proliferation, in particular through the G8 Global Partnership against Proliferation of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction (GP). Nevertheless the program would benefit if it moves from "donor - recipient" relationship to true partnership. Civil society organizations of the Global Partnership countries are ready to share their expertise with the G8 governments to find the most efficient ways to implement the program.
16. Participants of the Forum believe that the G8 countries should cooperate with the non-governmental organizations in view of development of the database of the Committee 1540.
17. Participants of the Civil Forum express their concern over further development of the Iranian nuclear program, but are against introduction of tough sanctions and, what’s more, use of military force. Participants urge Iranian government to cooperate and agree to open all the nuclear facilities of Iran to IEAE inspections if given necessary security safeguards and guarantees of economic assistance by all the G8 countries. With this in mind the participants of the Forum support the proposal on creating joint Russian-Iranian enrichment facility on the territory of the Russian Federation.
18. Participants of the Forum call on the G8 countries to support the initiative on the soonest resumption of the strategic offensive arms reduction negotiation process, primarily bearing in mind nearing expiry of the respective treaties and also appeal to all the G8 countries, possessing nuclear weapons to join the nuclear arms reduction process in future. Participants also call on the G8 countries to take proactive steps in elaborating new international legal instruments on disarmament and arms control within the framework of Disarmament Conference in Geneva.
Fight against Terrorism
19. In support to the G8 Statement, made at Gleneagles Summit in July 2005, participants condemn all terrorism acts, including acts of suicide-bombers, as crimes against humanity without regard of their motivation, and confirm that there can be no reasons or justifications to murder of people.
20. Participants of the Forum appeal to the G8 countries so that they provide for support (including financial support) for the NGO activities with regard to holding meetings/conferences in between the Summits to discuss possible steps of the civil society, primarily from the point of view of sharing best practices in the sphere of internal legislature. The participants declare that it is necessary to use the civil society institutions within the framework of consultative mechanisms.
21. The G8 should promote establishment of the research network, with academic and non-governmental expert circles involvement of the G8, as well as Third World countries, which could have elaborated, with further approval at the G8 Summit, universal definition of terrorism, and also to have elicited and explore its origins and root causes. Participants of the Forum suggest that such a mechanism is set up at this meeting.
22. It is vital to provide for ñîáëþäåíèå of the rights of victims of terrorism as well as anti-terror officers. The G8 countries should undertake responsibility for further fate of victims of terrorist acts and members of their families.
23. Participants consider it of paramount importance to complement methods of force of fight against terrorism with a wider use of non-power methods (in particular through educational and expository activities) in prevention of terrorism and fight against its manifestations.