Infectious diseases follow the mankind through the history of its existence. The epidemics were covering enormous territories including the whole countries and peoples. That’s why one of the name of infectious diseases was “pestilential” diseases.
The prophylaxis of the infectious diseases and fighting them were for all peoples the most serious social problem. Despite all the common efforts of all states in fighting infectious diseases we cannot say for sure that today all known infectious diseases are under full control. Nowadays the epidemics and pandemics represent very serious threat for the existence of the mankind, because they lead to the mass death of people and reduce considerably their work ability.
The success of 1950-1970s in fighting infectious diseases wasn’t complete. Only natural pox of the whole list can be considered as relatively liquidated. It’s because despite 20-year absence of its fixation the disease’ virus is being kept in laboratories. The number of non-immune people constantly increases. Periodically we witness the pestholes of various diseases supposedly liquidated before.
From another hand, the number of new, not-known diseases increases as well. In 1950s we spoke about 1000 infectious diseases, today we mark about 1200 diseases. The appearance of AIDS, leguonellosis, Lyme illness signifies the increasing number of problems both for doctors and for the society in general.
Under the conditions of the global increasing development of the World and new civilization challenges the fighting infectious diseases must become the global, the world task. It is impossible to solve the problem within the framework of one country efforts, it needs the consolidation of all the mankind, understanding the importance of such work and ready to unit all the resources to solve it.